Colombia is located at the focal point of American maritime activity, enjoying a privileged position due to its proximity to the Panama Canal and its ideal location at the intersection of major global trade routes. This central position allows the country to connect through over 5,900 maritime and air routes, providing businesses with more efficient access to major cities across the continent and around the world.
The Colombian territory serves as a natural gateway to the countries of the Pacific Alliance, with over 110 routes offered by 13 airlines and more than 210 maritime routes offered by 18 shipping companies. The Port of Cartagena is recognized as the best-connected in the region, and additionally, the World Airport Awards 2023 named El Dorado International Airport as the best in South America.
Regarding air transportation, it is important to highlight that Colombia is located less than 6 hours away by flight from the main cities in Latin America, and less than 3 hours away from cities in the Caribbean and Central America. This is such an important gateway that over 3 billion dollars were exported via air in 2022, with flowers and live plants being the main exported products, accounting for 79%, followed by textiles and clothing with 2%, and pharmaceutical products with 1%.
The El Dorado International Airport is a fundamental pillar of this achievement, being the first cargo-moving airport in the region with 700,000 tons per year. It is the third airport in Latin America in terms of passenger transportation and offers direct flights to over 34 international destinations, both on passenger and cargo planes. Additionally, it has 14 direct cargo flights operated by 9 different airlines.
The maritime transportation sector also benefits from the country's geographic location. Colombia has access to Port Everglades and Miami in the United States in just 5 days, to Shanghai in China in just 25 days, and to Callao in the Pacific Alliance in just 3 days. The Cartagena Port Group is recognized as the "Best Connected Port in Latin America's Maritime Trade" according to the UNCTAD's Liner Shipping Connectivity Index.
Colombian ports connect over 3,540 export maritime routes with regular, direct, and connecting services offered by 30 shipping companies and 8 consolidators to more than 750 ports in 140 countries worldwide. This resulted in the country's port zones moving 168 million tons of cargo in 2022. The United States (19%), Brazil (7%), Belgium (5%), and the Netherlands (5%) were Colombia's main export partners via maritime transportation.
Thanks to Colombia's privileged landscape, with its geographic wonders, more than 123 million tons of dry cargo were transported in 2022. This is possible thanks to investments in the Transportation and Storage sector, which represented 14.29% of the total non-mining FDI in 2022, reflected in time savings of up to 6 hours on national roads for transportation.
In Colombia, there are numerous highly trained logistics operators that provide specialized services in cold chain management and are strategically located in the country's main production centers, both on the coasts and inland. In addition, Colombia's port and airport infrastructure offers specific services for the transportation of refrigerated cargo, ensuring the preservation of the cold chain for products that require this type of handling.
PROCOLOMBIA is the entity in charge of promoting Exports, International Tourism, Foreign Direct Investment and the Country Brand, in order to position Colombia in the world. Get to know the national and international network of offices, where you will find comprehensive support and advice.